When AIDS appeared in the early 1980s and soon became an epidemic, the entire Canadian blood supply system was affected. Over the next years, HIV had a huge impact on the hemophilia and blood-transfused communities. With the advent of HIV testing in 1985, it was recognized that a very high percentage of those with severe hemophilia and hundreds of others receiving blood or blood products had been infected.
More than 1,100 transfused Canadians were infected by HIV, of whom 700 had hemophilia and other bleeding disorders, and 400 were transfusion recipients for other reasons (trauma, surgery, childbirth, cancer…). Between 700 and 800 of these people have passed away.
A much larger number of people – up to 20,000 – were infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) through blood and blood products before testing was introduced in 1990. The number of people who have died from hepatitis C related liver disease caused by tainted blood is not known but could be in the thousands, and continues to rise.
The tainted blood tragedy is one of the worst public health disasters that Canada has ever faced.
Between October 1993 and November 1997, when the Final Report of the Commission of Inquiry on the Blood System in Canada was published, the Krever Commission brought this tainted blood tragedy into the public eye.
- Remember those who have passed away as a result of the tainted blood tragedy, and offer families and friends tangible ways, both public and private, to honour their lives.
- Highlight the loss of those infected / affected by tainted blood so that those who came later could benefit from a safer blood system.
- Honour those who are living with the consequences of HIV and hepatitis C contracted through tainted blood and send a message of hope. Care and treatment have progressed significantly over the last 25 years.
- Focus on the importance of blood safety. Transfusion medicine has advanced greatly: clotting factor concentrates to treat hemophilia are now considered one of the safest therapeutics available; transfusions of red cells, platelets and plasma are safer than ever before.Following the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry on the Blood System in Canada, major reforms were made to Canada’s blood collection and distribution system. But we must remain vigilant.
Tree of Life
The tree is an important symbol in nearly every culture. With its branches reaching into the sky, and roots deep into the earth, a tree symbolizes life.
For families who have lost a loved one, it can be a daily reminder that the person is not forgotten, that his/her memory lives on.
A tree lives through the four seasons, and is constantly changing and growing. More and more, as the environment becomes a priority, trees are coming to symbolize health.